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Manuel Angulo Farrán, a martyr of Cuban radio broadcasting

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Painting of Manuel Angulo Farrán by artist Delfin Chirino (1979). Photocopy: Amauris BetancourtYear 1936 marked the start of CMKO, today’s Radio Angulo, the main station of the Holguín Province Radio Broadcasting System. Its owner, Manuel Angulo Farrán, a young man then of revolutionary ideas, who founded the station, was killed by then Cuban president, Fulgencio Batista. In 2001 the station reached out the Internet after the opening of its web site - which is observed as another homage to that martyr.

Manuel Angulo Farrán was born in August 26th, 1909 in Holguín. His parents, Manuel Moisés and Adela, built a stable home deeply rooted to the mambi fight for the country’s freedom in the 19th century. Such atmosphere provided the child with stories and anecdotes that planted in his mind revolutionary principles and throughts.

Angulo Farrán studied at “Los amigos” Quaker school, where he got to finish the first year of the senior high studies.

He began to work at a company that traded radios and accesories; later, he was appointed its representantive, and also a piano seller.

In 1936, his station CMKO went on air, then located at 21 Desamparado street, across from formerly called Victoriana de Ávila park.

The radio programs of his station were clearly identified with the people’s interests, such as "La voz del Partido Comunista de Cuba" (The Voice of the Communist Party of Cuba), Los 15 minutos diarios de la Juventud Socialista (The 15 Daily Minutes of the Communist Youth), (Cuban Youths Brotherhood) and other spaces, thus it was known to be La Emisora del Pueblo (The people’s radio station).

Young revolutionary people from all trends spoke on the microphones of this station, whose love for liberty and progress was heard there. From that place they were boosting antimperialist concience, as they denounced the regime of Fulgencio Batista.

Revolutionary trajectory

Together with José Torín - drivers’ trade leader - he fought the regime of Gerardo Machado by joining the general strike that overthrew the tyranny.

Angulo Farrán, an outstanding member of the underground fight Movimiento 26 de Julio, became one of the top leaders in Holguín, and kept close links with the provincial leadership in Santiago de Cuba. He built direct relations with Frank País y René Ramos Latour (Daniel), as well as other revolutionary comrades.

In the aftermath of the crime known in Cuban history as Pascuas Sangrientas (Bloody Easters) in 1956, due to the murder of many revolutionary men in Holguín and Las Tunas, the Movimiento 26 de Julio in Holguín devised a plan to kill the main killer of such auwful crime, Colonel Fermín Cowley Gallegos, whose killing took place on November 23, 1957. It is true that Angulo Farrán had much to do with it because his house eas the center of the meetings linked to the preparation of the action.

Aware of the fact that his aid was decisive to transfer the members of the comando, he remained home, instead of heading to the Sierra Maestra mountains, as he was comanded to. Then, he strengthened the underground likns to Oscar Lucero Moya, William Gálvez, Rubén Bravo Álvarez, Atanagildo Cajigal Torres, Mario Pozo Ochoa and other couraguous members of the cells of the Movimiento 26 de julio.

The dictatorship, deeply beat by the revolutionary action released all its repression forces. Seearches, tresspasing, detentions and iltreatent followed.

On the 29th of November, 1957 Angulo Farrán was arrested in his house, after a traitor’s cry; he was taken to the local army headquaters, where he was tortured and illtreated to make him speak out, but he remained silent and resisted all eveil treatmnets.


In the morning of December ninth, 1957 his body, together the ones of his comrades in fught Rubén Bravo Álvarez, Atanajildo Cajigal Torres, Pedro Rogena Camayd, Mario Pozo Ochoa, Ramón Flores Carballosa, were found - torne to pieces by tghe no-mercy tortures they went thru. All the anger and hatre of the tiranny was launched over the courageuos revolutiony fighters, thus believing they could put out the strength of the Movimiento del 26 de julio.

As a way to honor the valiant youth Manuel Moisés Ceferino Angulo Farrán, the station he founded was named after him on January sixth, 1959, a few days after the triumph of the Cuban Revolution. Today its is th main station of the Holguín Province Radio Broadcasting System, made up of eight municipal stations and six radio studios.

Author: Super UsuarioEmail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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