For a person to become President of the Council of State in Cuba, he or she must go through several electoral moments, in which the people participate directly or their elected representatives.
"The vote is a more delicate deposit than any other, because it goes with it life, honor and future." Jose Marti.
No need to rummage to find the answer. Law No. 72, Electoral Law, of October 29, 1992, is explicit, and Dr. José Luis Toledo Santander, president of the Constitutional and Legal Affairs Committee of the National Assembly of People's Power (ANPP), is not allowed rodeos.
"The President of the Council of State in Cuba is elected in second-degree elections, that is, the deputies, elected by the people and on behalf of the people, approve the candidacy and then vote, directly and secretly, by those who will make up the Council of State, that is, the President, the First Vice President, the Vice Presidents, the Secretary and other members ».
Sometimes we hear criteria, and not always said with good intentions, which question, according to Toledo Santander, "if the election of the President responds to a direct popular expression. They do not know, however, that in order for someone in Cuba to reach that position they have to go through several electoral moments, in which the people participate directly or their elected representatives. "
During the dialogue with Granma, the also professor of the University of Havana prefers to particularize at each stage, so that it is possible to glimpse the transit along a path that begins, according to his explanation, when "the partner (or companion) is proposed as a candidate for deputy to the National Assembly in the plenary of a mass organization ».
On this occasion, the 605 candidates to deputies to the ANPP, for which the next March 11 will be voted and among those who will emerge the President, came out of the more than 12,000 proposals that emerged in the 970 plenary sessions held throughout the country. And of those candidates, 47.4% are delegates from constituencies, base, the same as the people elected during the first stage of the general election process.
Then, Toledo Santander continues, "corresponds the nomination by the Municipal Assembly of Popular Power", a process that is not, in any way, formal. "It is there where the candidacy commissions at that level present the candidates, and it is the assemblies that decide, by direct and open voting, whether they approve or not." In fact, each of the proposals, to be subscribed, must have more than half of the favorable votes of the delegates present.
And if the candidacy or one of the pre-candidates is not approved, the Commission has the responsibility to present a new proposal, which is submitted to the same procedure.
"Once nominated as a candidate for deputy we attend another electoral episode, which corresponds to the exercise of free, direct and secret vote of the people, either in a district or district, where deputies are elected."
This moment of which the President of the Constitutional and Legal Affairs Committee speaks coincides precisely with the upcoming March 11 elections, where the people of Cuba will also elect the delegates to the provincial assemblies.
In his opinion, it is worth noting that, according to the Law, "each deputy is elected for every 20,000 inhabitants or fraction greater than 10,000, and even in those municipalities that have 30,000 inhabitants or less, two deputies will always be elected. That is why the National Assembly has the representation of the whole people. "
He explains that "after being elected deputies and taking office in the ANPP, the National Candidacy Commission calls each of the elected representatives and everyone has the right to propose who, in their opinion, the members of the Council of State would be, that is, suggest 31 people from among them, which obviously includes the President.
"Subsequently, said Commission places before the National Assembly, in an open vote, a candidature, as a result of the proposals made, and it is a right of the deputies to modify it totally or partially; and after being approved, submits to the free, direct and secret vote of these. That is when the President of the Council of State is finally elected ».
According to the spirit of the Electoral Law, if the President ceases his functions, he is replaced by the First Vice President.
The road through which the process takes place is, in the words of Toledo Santander, "the clearest reflection of the participation of the people or of the representatives elected by the people. Cuba is not the only country that chooses its Head of State in second grade elections. There are many nations that implement this type of election, which does not limit, in any sense, its legitimacy and democratic protection. "
With information taken from granma.cu