The 10 of October of 1868 marked for the people of Cuba the beginning of the proclamations independence against the Spanish colonialism. It is, therefore, a glorious day in which Carlos Manuel de Céspedes took the road towards the conquest of freedom.
The ringing of the bells of La Demajagua marked the call to insurgency, and by releasing his slaves Céspedes elevated them to citizenship, and invited them to take up arms to conquer Cuba's independence and sovereignty.
Thus began the epic that went down in history as The 10 Years War, ending with the ignominious Pact of Zanjón, which frustrated the conquest of the objectives that led the mambises to the redemptive manigua.
The path taken in the sugar mill near the city of Manzanillo was long and tortuous, but loaded with revolutionary efforts that endorse the decision of the Cubans to continue on.
From such a distant date, freedom, independence and sovereignty were fought for, with the triumph of January 1959, when the Rebel Army descended from the Sierra Maestra to change course towards a future that has been carved out strength of dignity and decorum.
Every October 10 Cubans stop to remember Céspedes, initiator of libertarian struggles, and recognized as the Father of the Homeland for his dignified response to the dilemma of deposing his patriotic attitude to free his son Oscar, prisoner of the army Spanish and threatened with death.
Carlos Manuel de Cespedes replied: "Oscar is not my only son, I am the father of all Cubans who have died for the Revolution." Oscar was executed and the Cuban pro-independentista won forever the qualification of the Father of the Fatherland.
In 1887, recalling the October 10 epic, Martí stated: "The purest mysteries of the soul were fulfilled on that morning in La Demajagua, when the rich, getting rid of fortune, went out to fight, without any hatred, for the decorum, worth more than she. "