With the blood of my dead brothers, I write this document. They are the only motive that inspires it. More than freedom and life itself for us, we ask for justice for them. Thus Fidel Castro would write in his Manifesto to the Nation (Isle of Pines, Dec. 1952) referring to the massacre carried out by the Batista tyranny after the assault at the Moncada Garrison.
Only six revolutionary fighters had died in the actions. However, 55 were killed after being taken prisoner.
Boys who had not left nor had their hair bruised during the actions, appeared on consecutive days wildly tortured and killed on streets, ditches and even inside the garrison.
"When the dead men were buried, they had no eyes, no teeth, no testicles, and even their clothes were stripped by their own killers, which they shamelessly exhibited afterwards." Fidel would denounce the document in Isla de Pinos months later, Where some of the survivors remained imprisoned.
The Civil Hospital had been attacked by 21 assailants and only one managed to escape the cruelty of tyranny. The same luck had the two women participants in the actions, Haydée Santamaría and Melba Hernández, who managed to preserve life because a photographer showed them alive.
On the first of August, Fidel himself was captured in the mountain range of La Gran Piedra in Santiago, and could only keep his life because Lieutenant Pedro Serrano, at the head of the group that seized him, ordered his men to lower their weapons, claiming that Ideas were not killed.
The actions of tyranny had no pity or compassion. The heroine Haydée Santamaria could attest to this, who was shown an eye of her brother Abel during the interrogations. In the silence of the young woman they threatened him, they told her that if she did not speak they were going to take out the other one, to which she replied that if he had not talked she wouldn´t do it. They also told her that she no longer had a boyfriend, because he had been killed, she replied that he was not dead because to die for the country was to live.
They referred to the young Boris Luis Santa Coloma. In both cases, the young men were brutally murdered.
The people of Santiago de Cuba were the main responsible for the fact that the massacre was not greater, because in many houses of families the fighters were hidden, protecting them for months of certain death.
When the young lawyer Fidel Castro was brought to trial, in his self-defense speech called La Historia Me Absolverá, he explained the six fundamental problems of Cuban society and what would later be the program of the Revolution upon it was based the triumph of the First Of January of 1959.