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East-West Water Transfer, a Big Engineering Work
The impressive Mayarí Dam, unique in the country for its height and waterproof concrete front, with 354 million cubic meters and the dam wall, distinguish the East-West Water Transfer . Photo: cubahora.cu
The impressive Mayarí Dam, unique in the country for its height and waterproof concrete front, with 354 million cubic meters and the dam wall, distinguish the East-West Water Transfer as a mega-construction, the result of the technical capacity of the country.

With a starting point at the Nuevo Mundo Dam, in the municipality of Moa, the complex network of tunnels, canals, bridges, valves and other components have been designed to traverse an extensive area of the province of Holguín and conclude in the territory of Las Tunas, in the Juan Sáez dam.

Its magnitude and the engineering solutions envisaged and implemented confirm the state's will to transfer water from areas where it is more available to those ones less favored by nature.

Headquartered in the vicinity of Mayarí town, the Engineering Services Company of the Integrated Project Management (DIP) Trasvases is responsible for managing the multi-million dollar investment, which consists of six stages.

Start-up in 2012, the third stage passes through different times. In the northern direction is the Birán-Báguano Canal, which today has completed about 12 kilometers out of a total of 28 projected. Among other benefits, will allow irrigating 13 400 hectares.

In the east, there is the Mayarí-Levisa Tunnel with 18.5 kilometers length of which 10 km have been completed. Upon completion, the Levisa dam (to be built) will transfer from the river of the same name 80.0 million cubic meters to the Mayarí dam.

On the other hand, construction brigades have been working in the construction of the Nipe-Delight-Cosme-Herrera canal, which is essential for this year's plans as it will supply water to some 2 000 hectares destined for rice cultivation in this agricultural area.

According to data offered to Granma newspaper the results of the Agricultural Development Program associated with the water transfer, since 2016 Mayarí, a municipality that barely contributed grain, increased the availability of the necessary line by 14.7 times.

In the particular case of beans and corn, with respect to 2011, the production increased 3.7 and 9.8 times, respectively. / Written by Germán Veloz Placencia /Granma

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