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The Attack to El Martillo Fort in the History of Holguin
During the wars for Cuba's independence in the 19th century from the Spanish colonial rule, several actions took place in today's municipality of Calixto Garcia, in the present-day northeastern province of Holguin.
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The Cuban rebels attacked military convoys, forts or other war actions with Spanish columns passing thru this inland territory, indeed usual events then.

Generals Calixto Garcia, Limbano Sanchez, Belisario Grave de Peralta, Jose Miro Argenter, Maximo Gómez, Cornelio Rojas, Vicente Garcia and many others courageous chiefs from the called Mambi Army made incursions all around this site and even took part in combats.

In the 22nd of September 1873, in a place located north of this municipality, Cuban militaries with a remarkable career - already gained or increasing – met there, figures that later reached the Olympus of the Homeland's history.

Calixto Garcia, ranked already Major General, and chief of the Cuba Division which comprised the districts of Baracoa, Guantanamo, Santiago de Cuba, El Cobre and Holguin, summoned the chiefs of those places to meet in the Holguin headquarters to give them instructions.

All along the Holguin-Camaguey road, the Spanish forces had built forts; one of them rose in El Martillo (in today's municipality of Calixto Garcia).

Calixto Garcia had scheduled a mission north of El Martillo fort, which he decided to attack, but he was not alone in the action, Antonio Maceo, Flor Crombet, Guillermon Moncada and Ricardo de Cespedes, took part in the action which brought much benefits for the rebels who seized a large amount of provisions, ammunitions and other war devices.

Calixto Garcia headed north on September 27 and succeeded in his important combat of Santa Maria de Ocujal, known in history as Copo el Chato; after that war action the other chiefs returned to their military districts.

The attack to El Martillo fort, 142 years ago, is without a doubt one of the most important war actions ever made here by the rebels, while fighting for the country's freedom in the three Cuban wars against Spanish colonial rule. / By Ordey Diaz Escalona.

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