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Cuba Remembers Major General Calixto on his Birthday
calixto garcia Cuban Major General Calixto Ramon Garcia Iñiguez was born in the city of Holguin on August 4, 1839, as read in his birth certificate at the San Isidoro Church. Garcia was the grandson of Calixto Garcia de Luna e Izquierdo, who had fought in the Battle of Carabobo in 1821 during Venezuelan War of Independence.

The Combat of Los Moscones, a Cuban Victory in Holguin

estatua calixto garcia parque hlg f lisandra cardosoGarcia, that passed away in December 11, 1898 while in the US, was a general in three Cuban uprisings, part of the Cuban War for Independence: Ten Years' War, the Little War and the War of 1895.

Garcia had fought against Spanish colonial rule for five years in the Ten Years' War until his capture. Far from his troops, protected only by a small detail who soon lay dead or dying around him, in an attempt to avoid giving the Spanish the satisfaction of his seizure shot himself under the chin.

He survived although the bullet went out of his forehead and knocked him unconscious. That was the only way his mother (Lucia Iñiguez) would accept he was captured by the Spanish troops.

When the Spanish authorities came to Holguín to inform his mother on the event, she said that wasn't her son, when the officials explained to her he (Garcia) tried to commit suicide, she then replied that was her son, "first dead than captured!"

Garcia was held in prison until the Pact of Zanjan was signed in 1878, thus putting an end to the Ten Years' War.

estadio calixto garcia amauris18He joined the Cuban forces in the called Little War from 1879 to 1880, and after a while in the exile, he returned to take part in the Ten Years' War, and was the second in command in the Cuban Army.

General Garcia with many victories along his life took part in the taking of Las Tunas and Guisa, and the re-occupation of Bayamo.
Garcia was a skillful man while using the mobile artillery, as he did in the attack to Loma del Hierro, and to Las Tunas.

One of the sad events in his life was being denied entrance into Santiago de Cuba when the Spaniards surrendered, that was when he wrote a resounding letter to US General Shafter, vindicating the Cuban Independence Army, deploring the betrayal after the U.S. landings in Cuba.

García died of pneumonia on December 11, 1898, at the age of 59, while on a diplomatic mission in Washington, D.C.

casa natal calixto garcia lisandra50He was buried temporarily in Arlington National Cemetery in the U.S., but his mother wanted a Cuban burial for her brave son.

Statues of Garcia rise in different parts of the country, like that one right of the heart of the main park in the downtown of his native Holguin, a square baptized after him, and that one on Havana's Malecon seaside.

His remains are permanently resting in a tomb at the new plaza built in Holguin to honor his glory, and named after him as well.

In 1976, a municipality in Holguin province was named after Calixto Garcia, and his portrait is on the 50 Cuban peso banknote.

Schools and the local baseball stadium are also named after Calixto Ramon Garcia Iñiguez, or simply Calixto for the Cuban people, and specially the residents of the northerastern province of Holguin.

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