Cuba carries on national prevention and control programs over HIV-AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which despite the efforts, the number of new cases reported annually shows that those diseases continue to being a health problem that demands further actions to aware people on such risks.
In Holguin, although the number of new HIV cases reported during the two last years showed signs of stability, the infection has had an epidemic behavior, as each year about 100 people are diagnosed with the virus.
According to Dr. Osmany Ricardo Puig, head of the Provincial STI-AIDS Department, it is worrying the increasing cases of syphilis reported in the last three years among the sexually active population, which has led some people detected with this infection to acquire HIV.
On December 1st, when we celebrate the World Day to Combat AIDS, Holguin marks the date with new actions aimed at increasing awareness among the population, mainly men with different sexual behaviors as they are the most affected by HIV-AIDS and syphilis; although there is a slight increase in women.
Therefore, the need to develop a strategy to prevent human immunodeficiency virus to achieve maximum impact in reducing HIV transmission by combining behavior, biomedical and structural maneuvers with the participation of key groups of the population and a community approach.
The expert acknowledged that "there are still many gaps in work, mainly related to the active search for possible infected people and educational work through face-face counseling." / By Lourdes Pichs Rodriguez – Ahora.